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Inner workings of the alligator ankle reveal the mechanistic origins of archosaur locomotor diversity

Turner ML and Gatesy SM. The Journal of Anatomy.

What is stance phase on deformable substrates?

Turner ML, Falkingham PL, and Gatesy SM. The Journal of Integrative and Comparative Biology.

A proposed standard for quantifying 3‐D hindlimb joint poses in living and extinct archosaurs.

Gatesy SM, Manafzadeh AR, Bishop PJ, Turner ML, Kambic RE, Cuff AR, Hutchinson JR. Journal of Anatomy.


Virtual and Augmented Reality: new tools for visualizing, analyzing, and communicating complex morphology.

Cieri RL, Turner ML, Carney RM, Falkingham PL, Kirk AM, Wang T, Jensen B, Novotny J, Tveite J, Gatesy SM, Laidlaw DH, Kaplan H, Moorman AFM, Howell M, Engel B, Cruz C, Smith A, Gerichs W, Lian Y, Schultz JT, Farmer C. Journal of Morphology.

Alligators employ intermetatarsal reconfiguration to modulate plantigrade ground contact.

Turner ML. and Gatesy SM. Journal of Experimental Biology.


Constructing and testing hypotheses of dinosaur foot motions from fossil tracks using digitization and simulation.

Falkingham PL, Turner ML, Gatesy SM. Palaeontology.

It’s in the loop: shared subsurface foot kinematics in birds and other dinosaurs shed light on a new dimension of fossil track diversity.

Turner ML, Falkingham PL, Gatesy SM. Biology Letters.

Contrast-enhanced XROMM reveals in vivo soft tissue interactions in the hip of Alligator mississippiensis.

Tsai HP, Turner ML, Manafzadeh AR, Gatesy SM. Journal of Anatomy.


Developing Virtual Reality Visualizations for Unsteady Flow Analysis of Dinosaur Track Formation using Scientific Sketching.

Novotny J, Tveite J, Turner ML, Gatesy SM, Drury F, Falkingham P, Laidlaw DH. IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics.


Footfall Pattern of a Bottom-Walking Crocodile (Crocodylus acutus).

Farlow JO, Robinson NJ, Turner ML, Black J, Gatesy SM. Palaios.


Pathology in a Permian Parareptile: Congenital Malformation of Sacral Vertebrae.

Turner ML and Sidor CA. Journal of Zoology.


The vertebrate fauna of the Upper Permian of Niger—IX. The appendicular skeleton of Bunostegos akokanensis (Parareptilia: Pareiasauria).

Turner ML, Tsuji LA, Ide O, Sidor CA. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology